On May 16, 2019, the maker of the SAT (The College Board) announced that it would be adding an additional score to the three scores that currently make up an SAT score report: Math, Reading/Writing, and the optional Essay.

The fourth score would not be based on student performance. Rather, it would be implemented as part of what The College Board calls the “Environmental Context Dashboard,” which would assess factors like educational or socioeconomic challenges to place a student’s test performance into context. In short, an adversity score.